What is the Iliotibial Band?
The Iliotibial band is a band of fibrous tissue that runs down the outside of the leg, iliotibial beginning at the hip and extends to the outer side of the shin bone (tibia) just below the knee joint. This band functions along with other thigh muscles to provide stability to the outside of the knee joint and helps the knee to flex.
What is Iliotibial Band Syndrome (ITBS)?
Iliotibial band syndrome (ITBS) occurs when there is irritation or friction, causing inflammation of this band. The irritation usually occurs over the outside of the knee joint. The iliotibial band crosses bone and muscle at this point. However, when inflamed, the iliotibial band does not glide easily, and pain associated with movement is the result.
What are the symptoms of ITBS?
When irritated, movement of the knee joint becomes painful, which usually the pain worsens with continued movement. When running symptom range from a dull ache to a sharp pain may come on after 2 miles. It is often worse when going down hill or on a hard camber, and is often relieved by rest,
Who gets ITBS?
People who suddenly increase their level of activity, such as runners who increase their mileage, (perhaps training to do a long run) often develop ITBS. Other people who might be prone to ITBS includes people with mechanical problems of their walking style such as people who overpronate (roll the foot inwards too much), have leg length discrepancies, or are bow-legged etc. Wearing worn shoes, those people who do not stretch sufficiently after exercise and also those people who practice hill running can sometimes develop ITBS.
What can be done about it?
Make sure you are wearing the correct shoes:
What to do if you're experiencing the symptoms.
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Content by Jane Morris - connect with me on Google+